What you should know about brain injuries

March is Brain Injury Awareness Month, and many are taking time to increase their awareness of the incidence of brain injury and empower people with brain injuries and their caretakers. Traumatic brain injury can be devastating for patients and their families. It takes a tremendous toll, both physically and emotionally, on caregivers.

No two brain injuries are the same, and the effects of injuries may vary dramatically between patients. After an accident where a brain injury is suspected, call emergency services (911) immediately or take the injured directly to the emergency room.

Symptoms of brain injury include but are not limited to:

  • Spinal fluid (thin, clear liquid) leaking from the ears or nose
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Change in vision, hearing or speech
  • Dizziness or trouble balancing
  • Difficulty maintaining your airway
  • Paralysis or weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Inappropriate emotional responses
  • Numbness or tingling

While severe cases of brain injury may be quickly recognized, further assessment is often needed to diagnose moderate or mild injuries. After seeking initial treatment, a brain injury patient will need specialized assessment to diagnose the injury and understand the severity. The professionals at UofL Physicians – Neurosurgery and Neurology provide experienced and personalized medical treatment for patients with brain injury. Our neuroscience specialists work directly with UofL Physicians – Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physicians to create comprehensive treatment plans. Recovery from a brain injury is a very slow process that takes up to 18 months to see maximal recovery.

There is no way to eliminate traumatic brain injury, however, being aware of brain injury risks can help decrease the incidence.

To reduce the chances of brain injury:

  • Always buckle up while riding in the car
  • Never drive under the influence of alcohol/drugs
  • Wear a helmet when appropriate such as while playing sports or riding all-terrain vehicles
  • Prevent falls, especially in older adults, by removing potential obstacles from the home, having regular eye checks, improving balance through exercise and avoiding medications that cause dizziness or drowsiness
  • Add safety measures in homes with children, such as safety gates and cushioned mats on the floor of play areas
  • Prevent violence

To learn more about traumatic brain injury or to schedule an appointment, visit UofL Physicians – Restorative Neuroscience website.

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About Emily Sieg, M.D.

Emily P. Sieg, M.D., is the director of neurotrauma for UofL Physicians – Restorative Neuroscience. She received her medical degree from Penn State College of Medicine. Dr. Sieg completed her residency in neurological surgery at Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. She did one-year CAST accredited fellowships in Neurocritical Care and in Complex Spine Surgery at Penn State. Her research interests lie primarily in clinical and translational research in the field of neurotrauma and critical care. This includes spinal cord injury, brain trauma, and peripheral nerve injury.

All posts by Emily Sieg, M.D.